2nd-leg home advantage in World Cup intercontinental playoffs


    World Cup knockout qualifiers are the most exciting period of the football calendar outside of the World Cup itself. In a way, I was glad Australia finished 3rd in our Asian qualifying group meaning we have to go through 2 rounds of playoffs to make it to Russia 2018.

    Conventional wisdom says it’s better to be home for the 2nd-leg

    I was relieved we got the 2nd-leg home advantage. The accepted idea is that in the 2nd-leg you know exactly what result you need and you have a greater chance of determining the result at home than you would away.

    On the other hand, some people counter that playing the 2nd-leg away is an advantage due to a combination of the away goals rule and the fact that more away goals are scored in 2nd-legs. Therefore, on average, the 2nd-leg away team gets more of an away goals bonus.

    Also players who play their club football in the 1st-leg home country only have to travel once (from the 1st-leg to the 2nd-leg). Whereas players who play their club football in other counties have to travel twice (from where they play their club football to the 1st-leg and then from the 1st-leg to the 2nd-leg).

    European club home and away ties

    I wanted facts and found a lot of resources, including peer reviewed academic research, about the same question in regards to the UEFA Champions League 2-leg ties (and the previous versions of the same competition).

    Overall studies and results show there is no advantage to playing the 2nd-leg at home. One older study disagrees and suggests that since the 1950s the 2nd-leg home team wins an adjusted 53% of ties. However, they find this advantage has become nonexistent in the last 20 years, which is what other studies suggest [1] [2].

    World Cup intercontinental playoffs

    That’s all well and good for European club football which often includes ties between teams from the same country. However, home advantage is more pronounced in intercontinental playoffs because the climatic differences, cultural differences and travel times are so much greater.

    I compiled the data from all World Cup intercontinental playoffs. The results show the 2nd-leg home team qualifies 61% of the time. Of the 18 ties since 1958 the 1st-leg home team has won 7 and the 2nd-leg home team has won 11.

    It’s a small sample size but it’s all there is. The recent trend is strong with 6 of the last 7 2nd-leg home teams qualifying.

    Historical intercontinental playoff data

    World Cup1st-leg home2nd-leg home
    2018 New Zealand Peru
    2018 Honduras Australia
    2014 Mexico New Zealand
    2014 Jordan Uruguay
    2010 Costa Rica Uruguay
    2010 Bahrain New Zealand
    2006 Uruguay Australia
    2006 Trinidad and Tobago Bahrain
    2002 Australia Uruguay
    1998 Iran Australia
    1994 Australia Argentina
    1994 Canada Australia
    1990 Colombia Israel
    1986 Scotland Australia
    1978 Hungary Bolivia
    1974* Soviet Union Chile
    1970 Israel Australia
    1962 Morocco Spain
    1958 Israel Wales
    Total wins711

    *Chile won this tie in a walkover. We do not award 2nd-leg home a point in this case.

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